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Industry-Wise Opportunities
Carbon Services assists you in analyzing your projects by providing a list of opportunities for different industries. This helps in acquiring carbon benefits and enables you to contribute to environment protection.
Sectors Covered
Cement Industry
Sugar Industry
Textile Industry
Paper and Pulp Industry
Power Sector
Oil and Petrochemical Industry
Iron Steel Industry
Transport Industry
Cement Industry
Waste heat recovery power generation
Use of alternative fuels such as MSW, RDF, biomass, tires, etc in cement kilns
Energy efficiency improvements
Use of blends in cement production: Fly ash, blast iron slag, non-carbonated calcium sources in the raw mix for cement processing, etc.
Sugar Industry
High pressure boilers and cogeneration: Bagasse based cogeneration in sugar industries with high pressure boilers
Waste water treatment and biogas recovery
Biogas power generation
Textile Industry
Energy efficiency improvements
Fossil fuel switch from high carbon intensive fuel to low carbon intensive fuel (e.g. from HFO/Diesel to Gas)
Use of alternative fuels (Rice husk, cotton waste, etc)
Paper and Pulp Industry
Gas turbine cogeneration with Waste Heat Recovery for boiler replacement
Energy efficiency improvements
Methane avoidance by waste water treatment
Use of biomass waste as feedstock
Use of alternative fuels
Power Sector
Wind Power
Hydro Power
Solar Power
Biomass based cogeneration: Biomass based (agriculture residue such as rice husk) power generation, and replacement of electrical power being imported from national electricity grid, and dispatch of surplus power supply to the grid.
Biogas Power generation
Conversion from open cycle to combined cycle power plant
Rehabilitation of boilers to increase efficiency of steam generation
Fossil fuel switch from high carbon intensive fuel to low carbon intensive fuel
Renewable Power Projects
Increasing efficiency in the bagasse (a renewable fuel source, residue from sugarcane processing) cogeneration facility avoiding that fossil-fuelled thermal plants dispatch the same amount of energy to that grid.
Oil and Petrochemical Industry
Energy efficiency improvements
Recovery and utilization of gas from oil wells that would have flared
Leak reduction from Natural Gas pipeline and compressors
Iron Steel Industry
Energy Efficiency improvement of thermal and electrical energy systems.
Waste heat recovery power generation
Use of alternative fuels
Transport Industry
Energy efficiency improvements
Mass transit substitution for private transport
Bus Rapid Transport System (BRTS)
Fossil fuel switch
Implementation of cleaner engine technologies
Traffic flow controls
 
Renewable Energy Areas
Energy Efficiency
Methane Recovery
Cogeneration
Carbon Sequestration
Forestry and Land Use Change
Waste to Energy
Special Gases
 
 
Energy Efficiency  
Improvements in efficiency, modernisation, new capital investments on the generation side (power, heat, etc), altering the power station infrastructure to reduce distribution losses, modifying processes on the demand side to reduce the amount of electricity required in industry, and changes in production processes in industry qualify as energy efficiency initiates.

While Capacity Utilisation & Fine Tuning of existing resources can result in energy savings of up to 15%, Technology upgrades to a facility can result in Energy savings up to 30-40%.

Potential sectors where industries can avail CDM benefits are:
Textile
Fertilizers
Cement
Pulp & Paper
Sugar
Chemicals
Railways
Iron & Steel
Transport Sector
Methane Recovery 
In landfills, Methane (CH4) is generated by the anaerobic decomposition of waste in land mines. In coal mines, it is generated as a by-product of the coal mining process. If untreated, the emitted methane contributes severely to global climate change. Since methane is a powerful greenhouse gas, its collection and combustion can lead to the creation of 'carbon credits'.

Owners or operators of sites that produce methane (landfills, sewer gas, coal mines, and associated gases from petroleum and natural gas production) have the potential liability to treat this gas emission. Carbon Services ensures that this environmental responsibility is taken care, and turns it into a profitable financial project. We can help design and implement efficient methane extraction systems, emission control devices, thermal destruction systems, and energy recovery technologies for our clients, that lead to CDM emission credits.

Some of the various options, other than gas flaring, available for making productive use of methane gas include electricity generation, which can be fed to the national grid or to private customers. Methane can also be used for in vehicles after scrubbing, purification, and compression. Alternative use of the gas can be explored including in boilers or as a replacement for fuels used in certain industries.
Cogeneration
By increasing the overall efficiency of fuel conversion to electricity and heat used by process industries, cogeneration plants lead to a reduction in the primary energy consumption of a plant, lower emissions to the atmosphere, and reduce the production costs of the plant.

Cogeneration systems based on biomass (rice-husk or other agricultural residue) that replace oil fired boilers for process steam and internal power generation, or partial feeding to the national grid, qualify as CDM projects. Industrial fuel switching, i.e. substitution of carbon-rich fuels by lower-carbon energy sources: coal by oil, oil by gas, and gas by biomass, are good examples of cogeneration projects.

Carbon Services provides industries such as paper, sugar, chemical processing industries, metallurgy and oil refining with cogeneration CDM project development services. We evaluate the minimum energy requirements of a facility, identify potential cost and savings that can result from additional technology and machinery, and conduct the financial and technical feasibility of the project to derive the benefits from lower energy costs, as well as the CDM revenue stream.
Nitrous Oxide Abatement
Nitrous Oxide is a byproduct from the production of nitric acid, which has a global warming potential of 310, compared with 1 for carbon dioxide. Carbon Services and its international partners are developing nitrous oxide reduction projects, utilizing cutting edge catalyst technology, which converts nitrous oxide into its constituents (nitrogen and oxygen). The Fertilizer industry classifies as an ideal Nitrous Oxide CDM Project.
Carbon Sequestration 
Activities in this sector can provide a relatively cost-effective way of combating climate change, either by increasing removals by sinks of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere (e.g. by planting trees or managing forests), or by reducing emissions (e.g. by curbing deforestation).
Forestry and Land Use Change 
The development of policy on SINKS cover emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land-use change and forestry. Carbon Services participates in projects that increasing removal of GHG from the atmosphere, by planting trees or managing forests, or by reducing emissions , i.e. by curbing deforestation.

And through these methods, we can Offset Carbon Emission in a better way. Individuals and businesses are taking keen interest in carbon offsetting, giving them opportunities to participate in global warming solutions.
Waste to Energy
Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) are currently dumped in the open, in an unmanaged manner. Projects that utilize this waste for energy generation, thereby replacing and reducing the amount of fossil fuels used in Pakistan's thermal power plants, can qualify for CDM projects.
Qualify for CDM projects & Special Gases
Carbon Services helps clients in the avoidance of N2O, PFC, HFC, and SF6, and the subsequent creation of CDM projects, monitoring of these projects, and the trading of CERs resulting from their implementation.
 
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